If a variable has been set with a command argument
(see Overriding Variables),
then ordinary assignments in the makefile are ignored. If you want to set
the variable in the makefile even though it was set with a command
argument, you can use an
override directive, which is a line that
looks like this:
override variable = value
override variable := value
To append more text to a variable defined on the command line, use:
override variable += more text
See Appending More Text to Variables.
override directive was not invented for escalation in the war
between makefiles and command arguments. It was invented so you can alter
and add to values that the user specifies with command arguments.
For example, suppose you always want the ‘-g’ switch when you run the
C compiler, but you would like to allow the user to specify the other
switches with a command argument just as usual. You could use this
override CFLAGS += -g
You can also use
override directives with
This is done as you might expect:
override define foo bar endef
See Defining Variables Verbatim.